The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently adopted revised policies for enforcing its COVID-19 requirements. The new polices became effective May 26, 2020.
OSHA is increasing in-person inspections at all workplaces. The new enforcement guidance reflects changing circumstances in which many non-critical businesses have begun to reopen in areas of lower community spread.
“As more states are taking steps to reopen their economies and workers are returning to their workplaces, OSHA is receiving complaints from affected workers in non-essential businesses. This Updated Interim Enforcement Response Plan takes account of such changes,” a portion of OSHA’s statement reads.
OSHA is also revising its previous enforcement policy for recording COVID-19 cases. Under its recordkeeping requirements, COVID-19 is a recordable illness and employers are responsible for recording cases of COVID-19, if the case:
- Is confirmed as a COVID-19 illness;
- Is work-related as defined by 29 CFR 1904.5; and
- Involves one or more of the general recording criteria in 29 CFR 1904.7.
Under the new policy, OSHA will enforce the recordkeeping requirements of 29 CFR 1904 for employee COVID-19 illnesses for all employers. OSHA’s guidance emphasizes employers must make reasonable efforts, based on the evidence available to the employer, to determine whether a particular COVID-19 case is work-related.
Recording a COVID-19 illness does not mean the employer violated any OSHA standard. According to current regulations, employers with 10 or fewer employees and certain employers in low hazard industries have no recording obligations; they need only report COVID-19 work-related illnesses that result in a fatality or an employee’s in-patient hospitalization, amputation, or loss of an eye.
“Employers must report work-related fatalities to OSHA within eight hours and work-related in-patient hospitalizations, amputations, or losses of an eye within twenty-four hours. Employers must report fatalities that occur within thirty days of a work-related incident, and must report in-patient hospitalizations, amputations, or losses of an eye that occur within twenty-four hours of a work-related incident,” a portion of OSHA’s standard reads.
CDC Releases COVID-19 Response Plan
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also issued a guidance detailing its actions and initiatives in supporting reopening plans. The response plan includes guidance for states as well as health recommendations for employers with high-risk workers.
DOL Offers Unemployment Insurance Fraud Resources
The Department of Labor (DOL) released updated resources for employers, employees and states to prevent fraud or misuse in the unemployment insurance system, including the new unemployment insurance programs under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act.